From what I found out about the electoral college, it is a process in which a certain number of people (electors) allocated from each state who get to vote for the President of the United States, who are chosen by the people of that state. So, in fact, when the American citizens vote during the Presidential election, they actually get to elect the electors who represent the people of their respective state, not the President. The citizens while voting get to choose between the candidates when do pick a candidate, that’s like an instruction to the electors to cast the vote on their behalf.
People expect their votes to reach out to their candidates, they expect their pick to get that vote. But that might not even happen. Majority of the states choose their electoral votes on the basis of the maximum number of individual votes from their citizens. Let’s take an example of how this might come into play. California has a long running history of being a democratic state which is good for the democrats as they contribute 55 electoral votes out of the total 538 but not for the republicans. Even though the republicans vote, their vote doesn’t count since the democrats scored the majority of votes leading them to win all 55 electoral votes. Now as a democrat, this is a good thing to me. But to a republican, that would hurt. Republican or Democrat or whatever other parties, I think an individual’s vote should matter.
It’s not just that, just because the electoral votes were differentiated for the democratic candidate doesn’t mean, they are obligated to vote for the people’s choice. Out of 100, 87 percent of the times, it was found that the electors did not even go for what the residents of their respective state chose to be the suitable one. If that’s the case, then I don’t think the votes that the people cast would even matter which would dissuade the voters.
There are plenty of smaller states which has relatively large amount of electoral votes than the entire population of the country whose main reason is the number of minimum votes that the state can have is three. This can lead to the favorite person who was supposably to be the winner to lose the election. It’s not just that because that nature of electoral college is so complex, people don’t vote. Now, electoral votes just don’t stay the same. Every 10 years, a census is taken to find out the number of people living in a particular state and depending on the increment or the decrement of the population, the electoral votes might swing either way.
Electoral colleges have more influence on the ‘so-called’ swing states. Now, like I stated above, California has always been a democrat but in a similar way there are states such as Indiana who has always known to be a republican. This leads the nominees to pay more attention to the swing states since this might determine the course of the election. If looked over at the campaign held last election, data shows that both Trump and Clinton made more than ninety percent of their stops at those swing states. Out of the fifty states, eleven of them have come to been known as swing states and out of those eleven there are four swing states that hold the maximum number of votes – Florida (29), Pennsylvania (21), Ohio (20) and North Carolina (15).
In this type of process, the candidate with the maximum number of popular votes does not win. We can take the 2000 Presidential election for example when George Bush despite losing to Al Gore on popular votes still won the presidency due to the maximum number of votes he received. This dissuades people from voting and the candidate who the majority of Americans want to win ends up losing which to me is not democratic.
In a nutshell, what I’m trying to say is, electoral college should not be the way how the President of the United States should be chosen. Each and every vote has to count.